2018 Canary Islands, Spain

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Nominated as an Emergent Knowledge City-Region.
 
The Canary Islands are an archipelago and autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, 100 kilometres (62 miles) west of Morocco at the closest point. With an area of 7,447 km2, it is a small region if we compare it with the rest of the Spanish Autonomous Communities. It has a population of 2.117.519 inhabitants, becoming the 7th Community of Spain in terms of population. It has a population density of 291 inhabitants per km2, much higher than the population density of Spain and the rest of the Autonomous Communities.
The Canaries are among the Outermost Regions (OMR-RUP) of the European Union proper. It is also one of the eight regions with special consideration of historical nationality recognized as such by the Spanish Government.
The seven main islands are (from largest to smallest in area) Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, La Gomera and El Hierro. The archipelago includes much smaller islands and islets: La Graciosa, Alegranza, Isla de Lobos, Montaña Clara, Roque del Oeste and Roque del Este. In ancient times, the island chain was often referred to as "the Fortunate Isles". The Canary Islands are the most southerly region of Spain and the largest and most populated archipelago of the Macaronesia region. Historically, the Canary Islands has been considered a bridge between three continents; Africa, America and Europe.
 
The archipelago's beaches, climate and important natural attractions, especially Maspalomas in Gran Canaria and Teide National Park and Mount Teide (a World Heritage Site) in Tenerife (the third tallest volcano in the world measured from its base on the ocean floor), make it a major tourist destination with more than 14 million visitors per year, especially Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Fuerteventura and Lanzarote. The islands have a subtropical climate, with long hot summers and moderately warm winters. The precipitation levels and the level of maritime moderation vary depending on location and elevation. Green areas as well as desert exist on the archipelago. Due to their location above the temperature inversion layer, the high mountains of these islands are ideal for astronomical observation. For this reason, two professional observatories, Teide Observatory on the island of Tenerife and Roque de los Muchachos Observatory on the island of La Palma, have been built on the islands.
Links of interest:
Canary Islands Government- http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/principal/
Canary Islands Hub: Invest in the Canary islands- https://canaryislandshub.com/
Tourism in Canary Islands- https://www.hellocanaryislands.com/
Universidad de La Laguna - www.ull.es
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria - www.ulpgc.es