2016 Boston, USA

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Boston, Ma. USA. Nominated as a Knowledge City_region.
Boston is well positioned to navigate this period of global change and challenge, as it has done in every century since its founding. In the early 19th century, Boston ships plied the improbable China Trade on the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The city entered the 20th century as a manufacturing hub for shoes and textiles and emerged at the century’s end as a global node of financial services and high tech innovation. The next several decades may be Boston’s most transformative. The Great Recession revealed and intensified changes in the very structure of the American economy—and that of Greater Boston—that were obscured for three decades by cyclical booms and busts and by economic indicators that failed to tell us all that we needed to know. Today, the sleeping giant of an engaged citizenry is awakening to a new economic landscape. Automation has eliminated millions of America’s industrial jobs and is moving up the value chain. The off-shoring of jobs to low-wage nations has eliminated millions more. Climate change and cyber security pose unknown threats. And as political transformation blows across the world, stalemate at home impedes progress. In this dynamic environment, complacency is Greater Boston’s greatest threat. While jobs may be in short supply,there is no shortage of work.Greater Boston, with Boston at its hub, has the wherewithal to innovate solutions to our own greatest challenges and to become a living laboratory for solutions to the greatest challenges on Earth. The first step is to acknowledge the limitations of the current innovation economy and the need for a more inclusive economic paradigm that engages all Bostonians as problem-solvers and informed consumers to invent and secure a range of good 21st century jobs (http://www.tbf.org/~/media/TBFOrg/Files/Reports/2012indicators.pdf). Indeed,“Boston underwent a long-term demographic revolution, in which its minority population “tripled between 1950 and 1970, and then doubled again in the next 20 years.” Continuing strong immigration hid the decline in population among White residents and saw Boston gain “majority minority” status in 2000. A city that used to be largely White and suffered many racial tensions had become tolerant and diverse.”
From: Ideopolis: Knowledge City Region, Boston Case Study, (Source: http://www.theworkfoundation.com/downloadpublication/report/128_128_ideo_boston.pdf)
Boston´s Strengths:
- A diversified economy -A Strong Institutional and Physical Infrastructure - A Culture and Practice of Innovation -Human Capital: Skills, Talents and Aspirations -World-class educational and cultural institutions - Racial/ethnic diversity reflecting ties to most parts of the world - The fruits of investment in research and city building - Unique environmental assets such as a newly clean harbor, and an expanding system of urban open space - Global connectivity: an international port and airport - An expanding public transportation system - A wealth of human capital in the skills, ideas and aspirations of residents who are ready to develop new strategies for success in the challenging 21st century S
Knowledge City Ranking (3) Strength of his creative class (6) High Tech Index (2) Innovation Index (12) Source: Richard Florida. The rise of the creative class. Mosaic Index (13) City´s concentration of foreign born individuals Bohemian Index (12) City´s concentration of people working in cultural and creative occupations Tech Pole Index (4) City´s concentration of high tech industries and high tech employment Source: M. Gertler, R. Florida, G. Gates, and T. Vinodrai. Competing on Creativity.