2016 Sheffield, U.K.
Sheffield, submitted as a Knowledge City-Region.
The Sheffield City Region or Greater Sheffield region as it is often referred is an area of England centred on Sheffield. It was one of eight city regions defined in the 2004 document Moving Forward: The Northern Way , as a collaboration between the three northern Regional Development Agencies.
Sheffield is the fifth largest city in the UK, with a population of around 500,000. It has a large catchment area, with around 700,000 people living within a thirty-minute journey of the city centre and 1.3 million within 45 minutes. Sheffield has areas of concentrated deprivation, particularly in the East and North of the city. It is the fifth most deprived Local Authority in the country in terms of employment and sixth in terms of income.
However, it is the 60th most deprived Local Authority in the country, out of 354. The difference in ranking between overall deprivation and income and employment deprivation reflects Sheffield’s relatively strong position in terms of education, health care, housing, living environment and crime. It is also polarized, with some very affluent areas. […] Compared to the wider region and Great Britain as a whole, unemployment is high and economic activity is low. The qualifications of the population are only slightly below the national average, and there is a slightly lower proportion of people without qualifications. The occupational structure is similar to that of the rest of the UK. There are slightly fewer managers and senior officials, but slightly more professionals. There are also more people working in elementary jobs. The population of Sheffield is diverse. Overall, around 9% of the population is non-white, with the largest groups being Pakistani (over 3%), and Black Caribbean (1%).
Public services perform well compared to other big cities. Crime is low, and Sheffield is ‘perceived as being the safest city in the UK’6. In the period January to March 2004, there were 29.7 recorded crimes per 1,000 population, higher than the England and Wales average of 27.8, but considerably below some comparable cities (for example in Leeds there were 40.4 crimes per 1,000). Sheffield’s schools also outperform comparator cities. In 2005, GCSE students had an average points score of 320 in the Local Authority. This is higher than, for example, Manchester (296), but still considerably below the English average (355.1).