2016 Tokio, Japan

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Nominated as a Knowledge Metropolis.
The Tokyo-Yokohama region was the top most ranking centre of bio-technology research amongst 30 largest bio-technology research centres in the world in the period 2002-2004. • The city was also the top most ranking centre for research in information & communication technologies (ICT) amongst 30 largest research centres for ICT in the world in the same period. • Tokyo was ranked at No. 2 as a centre for research in nanotechnology in the world in the same period. (See in the Documents Room: “World cities of knowledge: research strength, networks and nodality” by Christian Wichmann Matthiessen, Annette Winkel Schwarz and Søren Find, Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 10, No. 5 2006, pp. 14-25, Emerald Group Publishing Limited). Tokyo is also recognised as a k-city for its... • Growing importance as information gateway • Entrepreneurial infrastructure, dynamic reinvestment in human capital • Growth in global professional and business services • Rising percentage of highly educated women in city’s supply of human capital. (See also in the Documents Room: “Tokyo’s Central Role in Knowledge-based Economy”, Masatoshi Kuratani and Yukihiko Endo, Nomura Research Institute, No. 65, June 1, 2003 at http://www.nri.co.jp/english/opinion/papers/2003/np200365.html).